At its core, the Master Plan is performance-driven, responding to the four Key Performance Areas (KPAs) of environment, cost-efficiency, safety and capacity. These criteria, set by the European Commission, form part of the wider set of ICAO KPAs.
First drafted in early 2009, the Master Plan is intended to evolve with time. This 2012 version helps to better achieve the high level goals of Single European Sky (SES), as set by the European Commission. Key features of the new Master Plan are:
In its first of three change steps, SESAR will contribute to:
- -2.8% in fuel efficiency
- -6% in cost efficiency
- -40% in accident risk per flight hour
- +27% in airspace capacity
Furthermore, roadmaps are included for infrastructure (communication, navigation and surveillance), standardisation and regulation. These allow a common European understanding of required changes, in preparation of ICAOs Twelfth Air Navigation Conference (ANC 12).
The Master Plan focuses on a series of operational changes deemed essential to best deliver performance benefits to one or more operating environments, i.e. airport, en-route, terminal manoeuvring area, and the network. This allows stakeholders to focus their efforts on a manageable set of necessary changes to reach the Single European Sky high-level goals.
These essential operational changes are grouped into six key features which will evolve through three steps up to 2030:
- 1. Moving from Airspace to 4D Trajectory Management;
- 2. Traffic Synchronisation;
- 3. Network Collaborative Management and Dynamic/ Capacity Balancing;
- 4. System Wide Information Management;
- 5. Airport Integration and Throughput;
- 6. Conflict Management and Automation.
For the development of the ASBUs, ICAO made use of the material provided by SESAR and the US FAAs NextGen program.
From a SESAR perspective, mapping ICAOs ASBU was key to achieving global interoperability and synchronisation, where and when necessary.
The Master Plan provides the most up-to-date view of the products, technologies and operational procedures to be industrialised and deployed to meet the needs of European citizens.